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Alcohol-functionalized Pheromone

Alcohol-functionalized Pheromone List

Insect parapheromone, also known as insect parapheromone, is a small amount of volatile chemical substances released from the body of insects to the outside of the body, which can cause certain behaviors or physiological reactions of other individuals of the same or different species. Compared with the insect parapheromone modified by ester functionality and aldehyde functionality, the insect parapheromone of alcohol functionality is relatively small, and the structure is simple, and most of the end of the alkene chain is connected with a hydroxyl functional group. This type of parapheromone is mainly trail parapheromone parapheromone, which is an intraspecies parapheromone, most of which come from bees and termites. Tracer parapheromone mainly comes from gregarious insects, especially those gregarious insects that have lost their wings or their larval actions. They often leave parapheromone on the way it climbs to show the traces of their actions. When they discover a new food source or a new nest area, their companions follow the trace based on the trail parapheromone. The application of the trail parapheromone of this kind of alcohol functionality can effectively affect the aggregation of insect populations and carry out targeted trapping or induction.

Common structure of trail paraparapheromoneFigure 1. Common structure of trail paraparapheromone


  • Development of apiculture and agriculture: Bees are the friend of mankind. They can not only provide honey, royal jelly, pollen and other products for mankind, but also pollinate many crops to increase agricultural production and harvest. The use of trail parapheromone can induce honey to pollinate, improve the efficiency of pollination, increase the yield and quality of fruits, control the separation of bees, increase the yield of the colony, and can also avoid the bee mites, prevent them from invading the hive, and protect the colony. Trail parapheromone can also be used to artificial queen bee to stabilize the colony and ensure transportation safety.
  • Termite control: Termite hazards are concealed, widespread, and serious. They feed on crops, leather, biological corpses, and fiber materials, which can cause serious economic losses. The prevention of termites can be achieved by using trail parapheromone to obscure termites to prevent the population of termites from gathering in large numbers, and further inactivation will greatly increase the mortality of termites and achieve effective control. trail parapheromone can also be used to lure termites and kill termites in a targeted manner.


  1. Michel Renou and Angel Guerrero. Insect Parapheromones in Olfaction Research and Semiochemical-Based Pest Control Strategies [J]. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 2000, 48, 605–630.
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